on the 4th string of the bass
The best way to memorize the natural notes on any
string is to start out just playing (and naming) a few notes and
progressively add 1 note at a time. (e.g. play E F G E G F G A
F A B F G B C etc...) If you do this a little each day, you can
learn the notes on the neck quickly. Also notice where the notes
are in relation to the fret markers (usually at the frets 3, 5,
7, 9 and 12 also 15, 17, 19, 21). At the 12th fret, the note is
the same as the open string only sounds higher, this is called
an octave. Beyond the 12th fret the names of the notes just repeat.
The higher fret markers are equivalent to the lower ones just
and octave higher (15=3, 17=5, 19=7, 21=9 )
on the 3rd string of the bass
Go through the same process as the 3rd string. After
learning the natural notes on the 3rd and 4th string, do the same
on the 2nd and 1st.
A sharp (#) raises a natural note by a half step
A flat (b) lowers the natural note by a half step.
So between each set of notes ( except between E-F
and B-C ) there will be a sharp/flat note. (e.g. the note between
F and G is F# or Gb, they are the exact same note just with a
Notes that sound the same but have a different name
are called enharmonic.
Another great way to help yourself learn the names
of the notes on the neck is to use octave
shapes to find the names of the notes on the less familiar
page 1, names of notes on the neck